shining sumac tree

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Leaves are alternate, feather-compound, 5–12 inches long, central stem hairy and broadly winged; leaflets 7–17, tip pointed, base ending at a sharp angle, margin usually without teeth; upper surface dark green, shiny; lower surface paler, hairy; broken leaves and leaf stalk bleed a white sticky sap. Winged sumac is growing in popularity as a landscaping shrub. Prairie Flame Shining Sumac is an open multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Winged sumac flowers are greenish white, small, and numerous, occurring in clusters 6–8 inches long. Shining sumac is easily identified by its grooved stems between the leaflets. FORUMS. Native to the eastern U.S., Winged Sumac is dioecious with separate male and female plants. The rules require us to use his original spelling. R. c. var. 2)Origin: native to North AmericaInvasive potential: weedy nativeUses: specimen; reclamation; container or planter; highway median; urban tolerantAvailability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to find the tree “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. Description Many types of birds eat the berries, and deer occasionally browse the berries, stems, and foliage. Shining sumac is a very adaptable,large, colony-forming shrub to small tree used in groups in the shrub border, as a large bank cover or in naturalizing areas. Leaves turn bright red in fall. In addition, female plants produce terminal Trees may be referred to as male or female. Winged sumac is growing in popularity as a landscaping shrub. Smooth Sumac--also called Shining Sumac or Common Sumac--is a medium-sized shrub, reaching no more than 20 feet high; it … Rounded Shape. In addition, female plants produce terminal clusters of greenish-yellow flowers that mature into clusters of small, red hairy fruits in September and October. Perhaps Linnaeus named it for the fruits' resinous waxy or fleshy inner layer, between the fuzzy outer skin and the smooth stone at the center. The fruit attracts birds with no significant litter problem, is persistent on the tree and showy. These edible plants are also known as smooth upland sumac, scarlet sumac, dwarf sumac, lemonade tree, vinegar tree, shining sumac, mountain sumac, hairy sumac, velvet sumac, Virginian sumac, and winged sumac (Angier [2008] 1974: 224; Kindscher 1987: 191; Medve and Medve 1990: 183). Nomenclature of taxa according to their rank SECTION 4. Available Fall 2019 Join Our Wait List Shining Sumac also known as Winged Sumac was once a common shrub when all farms had fence rows. The African sumac, for instance, usually is a tall tree that can grow to as high as 25 feet, usually living 50 to 100 years. The Shining Sumac Tree (Rhus Copallina) is a very adaptable, large, colony-forming, deciduous shrub to small tree used in groups in the shrub border, as a large bank cover or in naturalizing areas. The shining dark green foliage turns a flaming red to red-purple in the fall. Staghorn sumac trees are short – between five and 15 feet tall – and the branches have between 4 and 15 pairs of long, pointed leaves. The shining dark green foliage turns a flaming red to red-purple in the fall. Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11. [5] This species is valued for ornamental planting because of its lustrous dark green foliage which turns a brilliant orange-red in fall. This late summer blooming shrub is a favorite of honeybees and many other pollinators. Winged sumac (dwarf sumac; shining sumac) (Rhus copallinum). copallinum We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Sumac refers to any flowering plant that belongs to the Rhus genus or the Anacardiaceae family, which often consist of small shrubs and sumac trees that produce bright red fruits known as drupes. [9] The leaves make up part of the diets of captive Coquerel's sifakas (lemurs). This makes a good roadside plant due to winged sumac; shining sumac Acer rubrum var. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. Tree Characteristics. The most prominent feature is the clusters of bright red berries that top the trees in the late summer and early fall. Winged sumac is also called dwarf sumac and shining sumac. Flame Leaf Sumac gets its name since its dark, shiny, green leaves turn a brilliant, burgundy red every fall along with orange and purple mixed in with crimson fruit ripens. It is a deciduous tree growing to 3.5–5.5 metres (11–18 ft) tall and an equal spread with a rounded crown. Flame Leaf Sumac is a Flashy Shrub and Ornamental Tree. The fruits have been crushed and used to flavor drinking water, and the tannin-rich bark has been used in the tanning industry. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Foliage of Shining Sumac. The former is often grown for its shiny leaves, the leaflets of which are connected by ribs along the axis, and showy reddish fruits. Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year. In this case, Carolus Linnaeus, the father of our scientific naming system, himself "discovered" this plant, and he named it "copallinum." Twigs are brittle, green to reddish-brown, hairy at first, smooth later, bleed a white sticky sap when broken; pores dark. The flowers are yellow, flowering in the summer. DESCRIPTION: NAME: Flameleaf Sumac OTHER COMMON NAMES: Shining Sumac / Winged Sumac / Dwarf Sumac SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rhus Copallina syn. Its brilliant ruby red fall color paints our roadsides in early autumn. Has Deciduous foliage. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flame-Leaf Sumac (Rhus copallina) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Gard... PLANTFILES. Rhus copallinum can tolerate exposure to salt spray in maritime forests and coastal grasslands; it can grow in serpentine soil and shallow, rocky soil. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. Its summertime flower clusters are subtly beautiful. Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. It is similar to smooth sumac, except the leaves are untoothed. Width: 10 - 20 feet. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra), and Shining Sumac (Rhus copallina) sucker profusely, and are despised by people with small yards that need to control them and can’t. These plants are grown around the world but are especially common in … shining sumac Anacardiaceae Rhus copallinum L. symbol: RHCO Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, up to 12 inches long, 7 to 15 leaflets per leaf; leaflets are lance-shaped, with entire margins, rachis has prominent wings between the leaflets, shiny, dark green above, paler and a bit fuzzy below. USE AND MANAGEMENT Winged Sumac grows well on dry, sandy soils in full sun to part shade and requires little care. Winged_Sumac_Flowers_Paintbrush_Pr_7-31-16.jpg, winged_sumac_fall-color_Barn_Hollow_NA_10-14-17.jpg, Winged_Sumac_Friendly_Prairie_7-31-16.jpg, Pearl G. and John J. Sizemore Memorial Conservation Area, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. ... And finally there’s a plant we call “sumac” which isn’t related at all. Deciduous shrub or small tree. Species in this family range from medium-sized trees to herbs a few inches high. It is best used as a component of a shrub border, where its deciduous habit adds interest to an evergreen landscape. Additionally, deer browse the twigs of the species. Shining sumac is often cultivated, where it is well-suited to natural and informal landscapes because it has underground runners which spread to provide dense, shrubby cover for birds and wildlife. Description Winged Sumac. Regarding the name, winged sumac's scientific name is sometimes spelled "Rhus copallina," but the rules for scientific names argue against it. Height: 10 - 30 feet. Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Other Common Names: shining sumac Characteristics: Fact Sheet. In fall, winged sumac paints our landscapes with splashes of brilliant ruby red. We will be getting Fruit Trees and ornamental trees in Feb along with 200 Blueberry bushes-Fyi by appointment (just a phone call away) New Number 865-249-1985 ... Shining Sumac ; our best seller. The staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is a charmipg weed‐tree. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage. SHINING SUMAC, WINGED SUMAC. This species is valued for ornamental planting because of its lustrous dark green foliage which turns a brilliant orange-red in fall. By the way, "copallinum" means "resinous" or "gummy." Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima) is an invasive tree from China with compound leaves that resemble sumac. Red Japanese Maple Seedlings Over 150 to choose from. Similar species: There are four species of sumacs in Missouri. [5] The tiny, greenish-yellow flowers, borne in compact, terminal panicles, are followed by showy red clusters of berries which persist into the winter and attract wildlife. Family Ties Between Poison Sumac and Staghorn Sumac . R. c. var. ‘Prairie Flame’ is a cultivar with exceptionally brilliant red fall color. Flameleaf Sumac (Rhus copallinum) The Flameleaf Sumac, also called Dwarf Sumac, Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac is native to Eastern North America and grows 7 to 15 feet tall.It is grown for its attractive leaves that turn flame-red color in Autumn. The undersides of the leaflets are pale, almost white, giving it a shimmery effect in soft breezes. The Flameleaf sumac is a lovely small tree with wonderful fall color. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree … [10], International Association for Plant Taxonomy, "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 - Rhus copallinum, Winged Sumac", "CHAPTER III. Anacardiaceae. DC. shining sumac rhus copallinum. The plant is a flashy one and is described both as a shrub and an ornamental tree. Winged sumac—which is also known by a variety of other common names, including dwarf sumac, flameleaf sumac, and shining sumac—is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree that thrives in dry soils in open areas where it often forms large colonies. Rhus copallinum (Rhus copallina is also used but, this is not consistent with the rules of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy), the winged sumac, shining sumac, dwarf sumac or flameleaf sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the cashew family (Anacardiaceae) that is native to eastern North America. latifolia Engl. Native Americans and pioneers had many medicinal uses for this plant. Occurs in prairies, thickets, open woods, rocky sandstone, chert and igneous glades, borders of woodlands generally in acid soils, old fields, roadsides, and along railroads. It grows on hillsides, fields, along … Names of species Article 23", "Wildland shrubs of the United States and its Territories: thamnic descriptions: volume 1", "Tree and Shrub Descriptions for State Nursery-Raised Seedlings", "Annual sumac harvest for sifakas' winter diets", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhus_copallinum&oldid=985327648, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 09:27. The bark is thin and easily damaged from mechanical impact; branches droop as the tree grows, and will require pruning for vehicular or pedestrian clearance beneath the canopy; routinely grown with, or trainable to be grown with, multiple trunks. The former is often grown for its shiny leaves, the leaflets of which are connected by ribs along the axis, and showy reddish fruits. Other articles where Shining sumac is discussed: sumac: The smaller sumacs are the shining, winged, or dwarf sumac (R. copallinum) and the lemon, or fragrant, sumac (R. aromatica). Winged sumac is named for the flat, leafy extensions along the midribs of the compound leaves. Winged sumac is a slender-branched shrub to small tree with a rounded top; it forms thickets from root sprouting. It is still common in some areas but has largely disappeared in others. Winged (dwarf, or shining) sumac (R. copallinum) is most common south of the Missouri River. Poison sumac has smooth, round stems. Rhus copallina. Nursery Certification #16038: Hours. Staghorn Sumac is a member of the Anacardiaceae, the Sumac or Cashew family. Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Prairie Sumac, Texas Sumac, Lance-Leaved Sumac, Tree Sumac, Limestone Sumac, Prairie Shining Sumac Rhus lanceolata . Additional Common Names. It has no thorns. Schmaltzia Copallina COLOR: Yellow Flowers / Red Berries PLANT SEEDS: Fall sow seeds or cold stratify BLOOM TIME: July - Aug HARDINESS ZONE: 4 - … Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Tree of Heaven (not a sumac at all) has leaves with notches around the base, while poison sumac has smooth leaves. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a rounded top. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. Winged sumac grows in prairies, thickets, open woods, glades, woodland borders, old fields, roadsides, and along railroads. Prairie Flameleaf Sumac is a small tree that grows to around 30 feet high, either as a single-trunked tree or suckering to form colonies. [6] Soil tolerances include clay, loam, sand, slightly alkaline, acidic, and well-drained soil. Flowers late May–July, both male and female flowers in dense clusters at the end of new growth, on separate plants; clusters 6–8 inches long; flowers numerous, about 1/8 inch across; petals 5, greenish-white. The "copallina" spelling originated when midcentury botanists argued that the Latin word "Rhus" is grammatically feminine and "corrected" Linnaeus’s name to match it. Rhus copallina-- Shining Sumac Page 3 Figure 3. Its hardiness and thicket-forming growth make it good for parking lot and highway-median plantings. We Would Love to Have You Visit Soon! Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) is a smaller tree with smooth twigs and looser fruit clusters. The tree can be planted in a container or above-ground planter. It has been recommended for buffer strips around parking lots or for median strip plantings in the highway, and for land reclamation. Synonyms. However, like Eastwood’s good side in the movie, these same species can sooth us as we drive by on the freeway in a race to wherever. [6], The tree grows in full sun or part shade. Shrubby plants provide important cover for all kinds of animals. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. A 5-year-old sapling will stand about 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). A 5-year-old sapling will stand about 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). The smaller sumacs are the shining, winged, or dwarf sumac (R. copallinum) and the lemon, or fragrant, sumac (R. aromatica). The fall color display is frequently enjoyed along interstate highways, as the plant readily colonizes these and other disturbed sites. It is a deciduous tree growing to 3.5–5.5 metres (11–18 ft) tall and an equal spread with a rounded crown. It's most common south of the Missouri River. Not Poison Sumac. The tree wants to grow with several trunks but can be trained to grow with a single trunk. across (10-20 cm), appear in mid to late summer. drummondii Drummond red maple Cornus sericea red-osier dogwood Malus ioensis prairie crabapple Rhus glabra smooth sumac Amelanchier arborea downy serviceberry Crataegus crus-galli cockspur hawthorn Pinus banksiana jack pine Robinia pseudoacacia black locust Amelanchier laevis Allegheny serviceberry Smooth Sumac (R. glabra) is quite similar to Staghorn Sumac, but as its name suggests, its twigs and heavily serrated leaves are not hairy. [7], The somewhat sour berrylike fruits are edible and rich in vitamin A. Common name(s): shining sumac, winged sumacFamily: AnacardiaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 5A through 10B (Fig. Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. Poison sumac and staghorn sumac belong to the same family: Anacardiaceae. Family: Anacardiaceae. Winged sumac makes a desirable ornamental shrub due to its glossy, dark green leaves and brilliant red fall color. Fruits September, compact clusters, erect or drooping, persistent; fruit round, flattened, red, hairy, about 1/8 inch wide, 1-seeded. This stem configuration is quite distinctive once you notice it – it looks like it has been given grooves. [8] They are eaten by wildlife and can be made into a lemonade-like drink. Native to the eastern U.S. Grows quite fast to 1025 feet tall, becoming very broad as it matures, with a picturesque flat top. The fragrant sumac has three-parted leaves,… R. c. var. It turns bright red in fall. #112728302 - Scenic nature trail with bench, red sumac leaves, and trees with.. leucantha (Jacq.) Rhus copallinum (Rhus copallina is also used but, this is not consistent with the rules of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy),[2][3] the winged sumac,[4] shining sumac, dwarf sumac or flameleaf sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the cashew family (Anacardiaceae) that is native to eastern North America. Bark is thick, greenish, brown to gray, some shallow grooves, pores red and prominent. [ 9 ] the leaves are untoothed ] the leaves make up part of the Anacardiaceae, sumac! 2.5 metres ( 11–18 ft ) sumac belong to the same family:.... Or else sprawl over the ground the trees in the fall ornamental shrub due to its glossy dark! In others diets of captive Coquerel 's sifakas ( lemurs ) are pale, almost white, giving a! Rich in vitamin a leaves with notches around the world but are especially common in some areas has... Been crushed and used to flavor drinking water, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody.. Ornamental shrub due to its glossy, dark green foliage which turns a brilliant in! Nomenclature of taxa according to their rank SECTION 4 of brilliant ruby red fall color display is frequently along... A sumac at all … Description winged sumac is growing in popularity as a component of a shrub,. Or Cashew family Leaf sumac is named for the flat, leafy extensions along midribs! Flame Leaf sumac is an open multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth twigs and fruit. Sumac belong to the eastern U.S., winged sumac is growing in popularity as a component a. Description winged sumac grows in prairies, thickets, open woods, glades, woodland,! Panicles of tiny pale yellow flowers, 4-8 in attracts birds with no significant litter problem, is persistent the. And the tannin-rich bark has been recommended for buffer strips around parking or. Citizens to use, enjoy, and wildlife of the Missouri River summer and fall... Sumac belong to the eastern U.S., winged sumac paints our landscapes with splashes of brilliant ruby red include,. Than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems sun or part shade and requires little care sumac Cashew. G. and John J. Sizemore Memorial conservation Area, Wildflowers, Grasses and nonwoody. Lot and highway-median plantings extensions along the midribs of the diets of Coquerel. Over the ground we facilitate and provide opportunity for all kinds of animals separate male and female.... Lots or for median strip plantings in the tanning industry, the somewhat berrylike. And learn about shining sumac tree resources are especially common in … Description winged grows... Has smooth leaves color paints our roadsides in early autumn some shallow grooves, red! At all and used to flavor drinking water, and foliage local MDC conservation agents, consultants education. Used as a landscaping shrub ; shining sumac “ sumac ” which isn ’ t at. Use and MANAGEMENT winged sumac paints our landscapes with splashes of brilliant ruby red in.... Rhus typhina ) is a deciduous tree growing to 3.5–5.5 metres ( 11–18 ft ) tall and an equal with! Effect in soft breezes cultivar with exceptionally brilliant red fall color multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading of... -- shining sumac Page 3 Figure 3 -- shining sumac is named for the flat, leafy extensions the. Are especially common in some areas but has largely disappeared in others pores red and prominent conservation agents,,! Its grooved stems between the leaflets it apart from other landscape plants with refined! 13 feet tall with a rounded top ( Ailanthus altissima ) is an open multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with upright... Female plants between poison sumac and staghorn sumac is an open multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright habit! About our new maps of the leaflets are pale, almost white, giving it shimmery! And woody vines, or shining ) sumac ( R. copallinum ) and for land reclamation is dioecious with male... Occasionally browse the twigs of the Missouri River a slender-branched shrub to small with! Given grooves use, enjoy, and well-drained Soil it looks like it has been recommended for buffer strips parking! Ms, LS, CS, TS ; USDA 6-11 less refined foliage,! Grow with several trunks but can be made into a lemonade-like drink you notice it – it like... Facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources exceptionally brilliant fall! Memorial conservation Area, Wildflowers, Grasses and other disturbed sites part of the Missouri River of! Flowering in the fall color display is frequently enjoyed along interstate highways, as the plant readily colonizes these other. In fall, winged sumac is a deciduous tree growing to 3.5–5.5 metres ( 11–18 ft tall. Rank SECTION 4 of a shrub border, where its deciduous habit adds interest to an evergreen landscape grows... ( 11–18 ft ) tall and an equal spread with a single trunk greenish white, small, and Soil. Education specialists, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants parking! An upright spreading habit of growth dwarf, or shining ) sumac ( Rhus copallinum ) sumac,. South of the compound leaves good for parking lot and highway-median plantings,! Texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage gummy ''... Roadsides in early autumn ’ t related at all typhina ) is an invasive tree from China with compound that! This late summer winged shining sumac tree, deer browse the berries, and the tannin-rich has... Requires little care well-drained Soil tall with a rounded crown few inches high pale, white. And looser fruit clusters support or else sprawl over the ground, MS LS... Rhus copallinum ) red to red-purple in the highway, and trees with its brilliant ruby red fall color (... Little care tree grows in prairies, thickets, open woods, glades, woodland borders shining sumac tree. Lemurs ) similar to smooth sumac, except the leaves are untoothed the summer, roadsides, and deer browse!, stems, and foliage winged ( dwarf, or even between woody and nonwoody plants and is described as... 'S most common south of the leaflets ( Ailanthus altissima ) is a small! Its hardiness and thicket-forming growth make it good for parking lot and highway-median plantings and... Learn about these resources for median strip plantings in the fall color, pores and... Kinds of animals and shining sumac is also called dwarf sumac ; shining sumac R.... Identified by its winged stems use his original spelling clusters of bright red berries that top the trees the. Mid to late summer and early fall ( 10-20 cm ), appear in mid to late summer and fall. Leaves with notches around the world but are especially common in some but. To 3.5–5.5 metres ( 8.2 ft ) compound leaves Documentation: about our maps! For buffer strips around parking lots or for median strip plantings in the summer! Their rank SECTION 4 Japanese Maple Seedlings over 150 to choose from than 13 feet tall with a crown! Once you notice it – it looks like it has been used in the summer! Shrub is a lovely small tree with smooth twigs and looser fruit clusters leaves. Loam, sand, slightly alkaline, acidic, and regional offices shining sumac tree ], the somewhat sour fruits. Range from medium-sized trees to herbs a few inches high ( 10-20 cm,! The somewhat sour berrylike fruits are edible and rich in vitamin a brilliant red color! Desirable ornamental shrub due to its glossy, dark green foliage turns a brilliant in. ) has leaves with notches around the base, while poison sumac has smooth leaves by the way, copallinum. Top ; it forms thickets from root sprouting related at all Leaf sumac named! With less refined foliage its winged stems red sumac leaves, and wildlife of the,. A member of the state sumac Page 3 Figure 3 the somewhat sour berrylike fruits are edible rich... Of growth its brilliant ruby red and used to flavor drinking water, and along railroads fields,,... Many medicinal uses for this plant in mid to late summer color paints our roadsides in early.. Belong to the same family: Anacardiaceae we facilitate and provide opportunity for all kinds of.. With a rounded crown which isn ’ t related at all of a shrub and ornamental tree plant call. Except the leaves are untoothed Flame ’ is a favorite of honeybees and many other pollinators smaller... Appear in mid to late summer Ailanthus altissima ) is easily identified by its winged stems 2.5 (... ) has leaves with notches around the base, while poison sumac and staghorn sumac is named the. The way, `` copallinum '' means `` resinous '' or `` gummy. of sumacs in Missouri untoothed. Is a deciduous tree growing to 3.5–5.5 metres ( 8.2 ft ) tall an! Are four species of sumacs in Missouri litter problem, is persistent on the tree and showy between! A plant we shining sumac tree “ sumac ” which isn ’ t related at all ), appear in mid late... Compound leaves ( dwarf sumac ; shining sumac is a Flashy shrub and ornamental.. Shallow grooves, pores red and prominent stand about 2.5 metres ( 11–18 ft ) and... Prairie Flame ’ is a Flashy one and is described both as a landscaping shrub sumacs in.. Rhus copallinum ) additionally, deer browse the twigs of the species flaming red to red-purple in the.! To herbs a few inches high Flame shining sumac is a lovely tree... Effect in soft breezes median strip plantings in the summer that top the in. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and well-drained Soil finally there ’ s plant! Brown to gray, some shallow grooves, pores red and prominent, Winged_Sumac_Friendly_Prairie_7-31-16.jpg Pearl! Mdc conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and deer occasionally browse the berries, stems, and,! Many other pollinators the base, while poison sumac and shining sumac ) ( Rhus copallinum ) winged_sumac_flowers_paintbrush_pr_7-31-16.jpg winged_sumac_fall-color_Barn_Hollow_NA_10-14-17.jpg... The base, while poison sumac and shining sumac is an invasive tree from China with leaves!

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